of an ethereal symphony
Violin Concerto in E minor, Op.64
Verklärte Nacht, Op.4 [1943 version]
La valse – poème chorégraphique
Gil Shaham (violin)
Singapore Symphony Orchestra
Reviewed by: Ateş Orga
Reviewed: 28 May, 2016
Venue: Frauenkirche, Dresden
The glamorously honed Singapore Symphony Orchestra under its Chinese-born, Boston-trained music director, Lan Shui, are currently on a European visit taking in Berlin, Munich, Dresden, Prague and Mannheim.
Specially commissioned for the tour, Chen Zhangyi’s single-movement of an ethereal symphony – introduced in Singapore on January 9 and given its Western premiere at the Berlin Philharmonie on May 23 – explores “the idea of cosmic motion of otherworldly places”. Taking its title from a line in a poem by Alicia de Silva, its “delicately celestial textures”, Zhangyi says, recall the memory of his late grandfather – “who once commented that ‘we are living in a place that is quite like paradise’.”
Combining the roles of composer, academic, new-music conductor and baroque violinist, Zhangyi (born 1984) read music at Yong Siew Toh Conservatory of Music (National University of Singapore) and the Peabody Institute (Johns Hopkins University). Stylistically, the new work, lasting around nine minutes, traverses a cosmos of sounds and impressions from Mahlerian murmur, Debussyian mystery and Straussian moulding to timelessly beautiful tapestries of present-day consonance woven out of harmonics, asteroidal overtones and remote gravity points. Structurally, it breathes well, the material and melodic canvas suspended in an airy space continuum. A consummately imaginative orchestrator, Zhangyi is refined in his effects, contrasting delicate ink-wash (shuǐ mò huà) traceries with bolder, more rhythmically intricate, tutti drama. As modern tone-paintings go, this strikes as a weighty, finely geared piece holding the attention and emotions without outstaying its welcome.
The modernism of another age – the Vienna/Dresden/Paris years framing the Great War – focussed the second half of the concert. In Verklärte Nacht, Lan Shui – an impeccable stylist whose body language is as serious as it can be charming and courteous – took the strings to the edge, living dangerously and developing a tone, attack and dynamic range one doesn’t find so often among massed rank-and-file musicians. With phenomenally quiet playing (but for an occasionally touched-string stirring the silences), and climaxes palpably wrenched out of the instruments, the moonlight-and-forest, sin-and-splendour words of the Dehmel poem that inspired Schoenberg seemed all but spoken.
To close, Ravel’s La valse – with the woodwind, brass and percussion arrayed high above the strings – growled, grew and glowed. Yet, for all its brilliance, virtuosity and nuanced characterisation (a splendidly idiomatic finish), it arguably needed the encore, from the Suite compiled from Richard Strauss’s Der Rosenkavalier, to re-ignite the Schoenberg flame – an intoxicating ‘world of yesterday’ reading headily immersed in nostalgia, perfumed solos (the concertmaster, Igor Yuzefovich, to the manner born), rubato, and drawn-out waltz cadences elegantly tapered off.
The originally 18th-century Lutheran Frauenkirche, bombed in 1945 but rebuilt after the reunification of Germany, is an imposingly domed venue with reflective surfaces and a big acoustic. Judging its space, echo and high-frequency luminosity to perfection, Gil Shaham gave a gracious, unforced account of Mendelssohn’s E-minor Violin Concerto, his Stradivarius soaring sweetly out of nowhere. His view of the work, classically disposed yet romantically willing, was consistently more loving than confrontational, his music-making smiling and engaged, his technique warmly rounded compared with the steely machined approach favoured by certain younger colleagues. For an encore, Bach’s ‘Gavotte en Rondeau’ (E-major Partita, BWV1006), danced with an infectious, foot-stamping, folk-like, gait, the clarity of its voicing and added frills applauded as much by the orchestra as the audience.